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FACT FILE FOR BIJAPUR
State
Karnataka
District
Bijapur
Region
Bayaluseeme
Area
10.541 km2 (4.070 sq mi)
Altitude
479 meters
Population
2.18 Million
Population Density
207/km2
Geographical Location
15° 20' and 17° 28' North latitude , 75° 00'and 76° 30' East longitude
Sex Ratio
954
Literacy Rate
67.2%
Temperature
44° C (Max) , 16° C (Min)
Average rainfall
578mm
Rivers
Krishna, Brahma and Doni
Major Industrial Infrastructure
3 industrial areas & 2 industrial estates, Alamatti Dam
Major Tourist Attractions
Gol Gumbaz, Ibrahim Rauza, Barakaman, Malik-e-Maidan
Earlier Known As
Vijayapura (the City of Victory).
Famous Monuments
Gol Gumbaz – Second Largest Dome in the World.
Other Monuments
Citadel – Ruins of palaces, pleasure gardens and public halls belonging to the Adil Shahi rulers, Sat Manzil – Seven-storied Palace, Jala Manzil – Water pavilion and the Bara Kaman – Twelve Arches.
Famous Mosque
Jumma Masjid – One of the Oldest Mosque in India.
Don't Miss
Malik-e-Maidan (monarch of the plains) cannon, which is one of the largest surviving bell-metal cannons in the world
Excursions
Alihole – 110 kms, Saint Basaveshwara Pilgrim – 67 kms, Basavana Bagevadi – 43 km.Bangalore – 530 kms, Badami – 20 kms, Gulbarga – 145 km, Hyderabad – 286 kms, Bidar – 256 kms.
Best Time to Visit
October - February
How to Reach
Air – The nearest airport is at Belgaum (205 kms). Indian and Jet airways flight operators connect Bijapur to the rest of India.
Rail – Bijapur is well connected by rail with Bangalore and other major cities of India. It has its own railhead that is located just 2 kms from the main town.
Road – The main stand in Bijapur is near the southwestern side of the citadel, near the city center. Bus services to Badami (4 hours), Belgaum (5 hours), Gulbarga (4 hours), Bidar (7 hours), Hubli (4½ hours), and Sholapur (2 hours) are frequent.
 
Introduction
Bijapur is located in the north western part of State.
Spread across 5 talukas, namely Bijapur, Basavana-Bagewadi, Indi, Muddebihal and Sindagi.
The district has witnessed the growth of great dynasties like Chalukyan.
The region came under Muslim influence under Alauddin Khilji - the Sultan of Delhi, towards
the end of the 13th Century.
District was the capital of the Adil Shahi dynasty (1489-1686).
In1686 A.D., the Moguls under Aurangjeb overpowered the city of Bijapur and ended 200 year
old Adil Shah dynasty - a kingdom that patronized arts and crafts and build the eloquent city
of Bijapur.
Today the district is dotted with medieval monuments, and has legacy of famous and
unique form of Islamic architecture and ancient monuments, making it a significant tourist
destination in the state.
The district is occupied by three types of soils viz. Black soils, Red sandy soils and mixed soils.
 
About Bijapur

Bijapur city is the district headquarters of Bijapur District of Karnataka state. Bijapur city is well known for its historical monuments of architectural importance built during the rule of Adil Shahi dynasty. Bijapur is located 530 km northwest of Bangalore and about 550 km from Mumbai.and 384 km from Hyderabad.
Bijapur's urban population as per 2011 census is 3.26 lakhs, perhaps the 9th biggest city in Karnataka.

Bijapur Municipal Corporation is the newest(9th) city corporation formed under the KMC act along with Shimoga(10th) (3.22 lakhs) and Tumkur (11th) (3.05 lakhs) city corporations as per 2011 census. The other existing city corporations in Karnataka state in descending order of population are Bengaluru, Hubli-Dharwad, Mysore, Gulbarga, Belgaum, Mangalore, Davangere and Bellary. Administratively, Bijapur district comes under Belgaum division along with Bagalkote, Belgaum, Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri and Uttara Kannada (Karwar) districts.

The city was established in the 10th-11th centuries by the Kalyani Chalukyas and was known as Vijayapura (City of victory). The city was passed to Yadavas after Chalukya's demise. The city came under the influence of the Khilji Sultanate in Delhi by the late 13th century. In 1347, the area was conquered by the Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga. By this time, the city was being referred as Vijapur or Bijapur. Bijapur, Karnataka.

 
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