Air The nearest
airport is at Belgaum (205 kms). Indian and Jet
airways flight operators connect Bijapur to the
rest of India. Rail Bijapur is well connected by
rail with Bangalore and other major cities of
India. It has its own railhead that is located
just 2 kms from the main town. Road The main stand in Bijapur is
near the southwestern side of the citadel, near
the city center. Bus services to Badami (4 hours),
Belgaum (5 hours), Gulbarga (4 hours), Bidar (7
hours), Hubli (4Â½ hours), and Sholapur
(2 hours) are frequent.
Bijapur is located in
the north western part of State.
Spread across 5 talukas, namely Bijapur, Basavana-Bagewadi,
Indi, Muddebihal and Sindagi.
The district has witnessed the growth of great dynasties
The region came under Muslim influence under Alauddin
Khilji - the Sultan of Delhi, towards
the end of the 13th Century.
District was the capital of the Adil Shahi dynasty
In1686 A.D., the Moguls under Aurangjeb overpowered
the city of Bijapur and ended 200 year
old Adil Shah dynasty - a kingdom that patronized
arts and crafts and build the eloquent city
Today the district is dotted with medieval monuments,
and has legacy of famous and
unique form of Islamic architecture and ancient
monuments, making it a significant tourist
destination in the state.
The district is occupied by three types of soils
viz. Black soils, Red sandy soils and mixed soils.
Bijapur city is the district headquarters of
Bijapur District of Karnataka state. Bijapur city
is well known for its historical monuments of
architectural importance built during the rule
of Adil Shahi dynasty. Bijapur is located 530
km northwest of Bangalore and about 550 km from
Mumbai.and 384 km from Hyderabad.
Bijapur's urban population as per 2011 census
is 3.26 lakhs, perhaps the 9th biggest city in
Bijapur Municipal Corporation is the newest(9th)
city corporation formed under the KMC act along
with Shimoga(10th) (3.22 lakhs) and Tumkur (11th)
(3.05 lakhs) city corporations as per 2011 census.
The other existing city corporations in Karnataka
state in descending order of population are Bengaluru,
Hubli-Dharwad, Mysore, Gulbarga, Belgaum, Mangalore,
Davangere and Bellary. Administratively, Bijapur
district comes under Belgaum division along with
Bagalkote, Belgaum, Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri and
Uttara Kannada (Karwar) districts.
The city was established in the 10th-11th centuries
by the Kalyani Chalukyas and was known as Vijayapura
(City of victory). The city was passed to Yadavas
after Chalukya's demise. The city came under the
influence of the Khilji Sultanate in Delhi by
the late 13th century. In 1347, the area was conquered
by the Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga. By this
time, the city was being referred as Vijapur or
Bijapur. Bijapur, Karnataka.