Thekkady Wildlife sanctuary
(also called Periyar Tiger Reserve) is a fine example
of good management of nature's forests. The sanctuary,
which was a game reserve, merged with the Forest Department
in 1966. It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978 under
the Project Tiger scheme. In 1982 the core area of the
reserve (350 sq. km.) was notified as National Park
The open grasslands are home to a magnificent variety
of animals - the elephant, the bison, Gaur, Sambar deer,
Barking deer, Mouse deer, Nilgiri langur, Bonnet macaque,
Lion-tailed macaque leopards, Jungle cats, Wild dogs and
most importantly the tiger.
An estimated 40 tigers inhabit the Reserve Other important
animals are bear , Porcupine, Jackal, Indian Giant Squirrel,
Malabar flying squirrel, Wild boar, small Indian Civet,
Mongoose and the Pangolins. The tiger is the main predator
in the Periyar Tiger Reserve.
Thattekad Bird Sanctuary
Thattekad is a bird sanctuary
developed by the untiring efforts of India's birdman Dr
Salim Ali. The sanctuary is near Munnar along the lower
reaches of the Western Ghats, spread over 25.16 sq. km.
The sanctuary attracts nature lovers and photographers
especially bird watchers in droves. Tropical evergreen
forests, tropical semi-evergreen forests and tropical
deciduous forests make up this sanctuary.
There are patches of grasslands too. Around 210 species
of birds have been identified here so far.Indian Roller,
Cuckoo, Common snipe, Crow pheasant, Jungle Nightjar,
Kite, Grey Drongo, Malabar Trogon, Woodpecker, Large pied
wagtail, Baya sparrow, Grey jungle fowl, Indian hill myna,
Robin, Jungle babbler and darter are found here.
Chinnar Wild Life Sanctuary
Chinnar is a unique thorny
scrub forest in the rain shadow region of the Western
Ghats, about 40 kms from Munnar. The Park is around 90
sq. kms in area and its rugged undulating terrain has
held a special fascination for the adventure traveller.
It is the second habitat for the endangered Giant Grizzled
Squirrel (an endangered species) in India.
Elephants, Gaur, Panther, Spotted deer, Sambar, Giant
Grizzled Squirrel, Hanuman monkey, Rabbit etc.can be of
interest to a person looking for new avenues in nature
photography in the Chinnar forests.
Mammals - Tigers , Panther,
Wild Dog, Civet Cats, Sloth Bear, Nilgiri Langur, Wild
Boar, Nilgiri Tahr etc, Forest Types - Rolling Grasslands
and on a Higher Level, Shola Forest.
Silent valley National
Silent Valley National Park
is situated in the Palakkad district of Kerala. More than
100 butterflies species and 400 moth species have also
been observed in Silent Valley National Park. Birds such
as the Malabar Hornbill, Great Indian Hornbill, hoopoes,
tree pie, barbets, crow pheasant, woodpeckers, rollers,
drongoes, kingfishers and parakeets can be seen in abundance
in Silent Valley National park. Many varieties of snakes,
amphibians and lizards can also be seen in Silent Valley.
There are more than 110 species of plants in Silent Valley
National Park, including many plants that are known for
their medicinal properties. The best time to visit Silent
Valley is from September to March, during the pleasant